Happy Independence Day: Nauru


On this January 31, wish a happy anniversary of independence (January 31, 1968) to the Republic of NAURU!
The history of Nauru is that of a small island of 21 km2 isolated within the central Pacific and which today forms an independent state: the Republic of Nauru. The events prior to its colonization at the end of the 19th century are little known due to a lack of written sources and the virtual absence of archaeological data. Subsequent facts are intimately linked to the history of its only resource: phosphate ore.

One of the hypotheses as to the origin of the inhabitants of Nauru is that this population has at the same time Melanesian, Micronesian and Polynesian origins, the traits of the latter population dominating1. Other observers underline the resemblances between the Nauruans and the Micronesian populations of the east of the Caroline archipelago1. It was discovered by Europeans on November 8, 1798 when British Captain John Fearn approached the island2.

It was then successively colonized or occupied by different powers: Germany in 1888, Australia in 1920, Japan from 1942 to 1945 then again Australia in 1947. Nauru acquired its independence on January 31, 1968 then joined the United Nations in 1999.

NAURU is the seat of the Austronesian Melanesian Group

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